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Pre cast concrete piles are usually

Precast Concrete Piles. Precast Concrete Piles may be defined as a reinforced concrete pile which is moulded in circular, square, rectangular or octagonal form. The precast concrete piles are cast and cured in a casting yard and then transported to the site for driving. In case space is available, pile can also be cast and cured near the site of works Precast Concrete Piles are the most common type of deep foundation used, to transmit loads through the upper zones of the poor soil to a depth where the soil is capable of providing adequate support. The precast concrete pile is a reinforced concrete pile which can be circular, rectangular, square, or octagonal in shape What Are Piles? In construction, precast concrete piles are usually square or hexagonal tubes or tube segments. They feature solid cross-section designs for short and moderate length units. They are also built light, by hollowing out the interior in hexagonal, circular or octagonal sections The piling you are using is usually used on the foundations of almost every type of structure, engineering or not, and facing all soil types fittingly. This precast concrete pile installation method is generally used when the soils overlaying your earth are rough or dysfunctional

Precast concrete piles are generally used in bridges, marine constructions and dock constructions Pre-cast concrete piles are usually: A. reinforced concrete only: B. plain or reinforced concrete: C. reinforced concrete or pre-stressed concrete: D. plain, reinforced concrete or pre-stressed concrete View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum. 40. The length of pre-cast concrete piles varies from.

Precast Concrete Piles The Construction Civi

Precast, prestressed concrete cylinder piles, up to 140 cm in diameter are also common in coastal areas and are driven as primarily as friction piles. Concrete piles provide high durability in marine environments and can provide high capacity. However, concrete piles are more difficult to spice than steel, are more easily damaged during driving, and typically require larger lifting equipment than steel piles The pre-cast concrete piles are usually ranging between 1 mm 35 and 65 cm in diameter and differ between 45 and 30 m in size. Advantages of Pre-cast Piles The precast concrete pile provides high chemical and biological cracks tolerance Concrete piles may be either pre-cast or cast-in-place, based on the method of manufacture. Pre-cast piles are formed in a casting bed, and then cured before being driven into place. They may be manufactured with conventional steel bars, high tensile rods or wires, or with high strength rods or wires strung through the ducts Concrete piles similar to the drilled shafts are one of the most important categories of foundations. Despite their hefty costs, they are most commonly used to transfer loads of a heavy superstructure (buildings, bridges, skyscrapers, etc. to the lower strength, and much stable layer of the soil, usually a hard rock is preferred

Precast Concrete Piles: Basic Info Types Advantages

  1. Pre-cast Concrete Pile This type of piles is cast in a pile bed in the horizontal form if they are rectangular in shape. Usually, circular piles are cast in vertical forms. Precast piles are usually reinforced with steel to prevent breakage during its mobilization from casting bed to the location of the foundation
  2. These piles are used for the most conventional foundation method. It's usually the quickest and also the cheapest method besides the use of wooden piles. The main benefit of these concrete piles is the high vertical pile load and resistance. Isolated footings; Pocket footings; Combined footings; Precast piles; Structural beams - precast.
  3. PILE ACCESSORIES In case of Wooden Piles, Steel Piles, Pre-cast Concrete Piles, to protect the top and bottom of the Pile while driving into the ground and to facilitate easy Pile driving certain accessories are required as under: 1. Pile Cap 2. Pile Shoe 88 86
  4. Piles were typically concrete, installed to a depth of 300 mm or more. Houses could be supported fully on piles, or have internal bearer support only provided by piles
  5. Because of driving stresses and handling stresses (i.e. transportation and lifting) the precast concrete piles are usually reinforced. The size of the pile may vary from 30 cm to 50 cm in a cross-sectional dimension, and up to 20 m or more in length. The reinforcement may consist of longitudinal steel bars of 20 mm to 40 mm in diameter, 4 to 8.
  6. Driven piles are typically made of timber, precast reinforced concrete, or steel. Steel piles are usually either h-beams or circular steel pipe. Precast concrete piles are most often available in square, octagonal, and round cross-sectional shapes and are usually pre-stressed and reinforced with rebar
  7. Precast concrete offers durable, flexible solutions for floors, walls and even roofs in every type of domestic construction from individual cottages to multi-storey apartments. Concrete's high initial embodied energy can be offset by its extended life cycle (up to 100 years) and high potential for reuse and relocation

They are usually bottom-driven with an internal drop hammer. Pre-cast concrete. These can be square, octagonal, cylindrical or sheet piles. They are percussion driven piles which are used where bored piles would not be suitable owing to running water or very loose soils. They have a load range of 300-1,200 kN and can reach up to 30 m. Timbe Precast concrete piles are usually of constant cross section but may have a tapered tip. Concrete piles are considered non-corrosive but can be damaged by direct chemical attack (e.g., from organic soil, industrial wastes to organic fills), electrolytic action (chemical or stray direct currents), or oxidation Driven - Pre-cast: metal or pre-cast concrete piles are usually top-driven using hydraulic drop hammers, some of which are super-silenced. Pre-cast concrete piles can be designed for compression and nominal tension and bending, accommodation of compression and tension, and with full moment-transfer joints Precast Concrete Piles. The function of reinforcement in a precast concrete piles are to resist the stresses produced on account of its handling, driving and the loading which the pile is finally expected to receive. Longitudinal reinforcement usually consists of one bar 20 mm to 50 mm in diameter at each angle of the section of the pile

The usage of precast concrete piles to tackle deep foundation is an excellent solution. Precast concrete piles are versatile as they can be used in any soil conditions. Readily-engineered cross-sections can be chosen to accommodate and suit design criteria budget constrains Precast-Piles. The function of reinforcement in a precast concrete piles are to resist the stresses produced on account of its handling, driving and the loading which the pile is finally expected to receive. Longitudinal reinforcement usually consists of one bar 20 mm to 50 mm in diameter at each angle of the section of the pile The pre-cast concrete piles are usually ranging between 1 mm 35 and 65 cm in diameter and differ between 45 and 30 m in size. Advantages of Pre-cast Piles. The precast concrete pile provides high chemical and biological cracks tolerance. They're usually very powerful Driven or displacement piles. They are usually pre-formed before being driven, jacked, screwed or hammered into ground. This category consists of driven piles of steel or precast concrete and piles formed by driving tubes or shells which are fitted with a driving shoe. The tubes or shells which are filled with concrete after driving

What Are Some Common Uses for Precast Concrete Piles

  1. The precast concrete piles are generally used for a maximum design load of about 800 kN except for large pre-stressed piles. The length of precast concrete piles varies from 4.5 m to 30 m. The pre-strssed concrete piles as compared to pre-cast and reinforced concrete piles are lesser in weight, easy to handle, have high load carrying capacity.
  2. Step 2: a precast concrete pile is lowered or pushed into the hole. Step 3: a concrete grout is poured into the gap between the pile and the earth. Helical piles are steel tubes that have helical (spiral) blades attached to them. These can be drilled into the ground, meaning that the pile acts as a giant drill bit, and is rotated and pushed.
  3. The concrete during pouring of cast in situ piles is usually done from a height thus quality of work cannot be ensured. As the precast piles are casted in factories equipped with machinery and robots thus less labor is required in pre-cast piles but this is not the case of cast in situ piles which require intensive labor
  4. Concrete Piles. Pre-cast Concrete Pile. This type of piles is cast in pile bed in the horizontal form if they are rectangular in shape. Usually, circular piles are cast in vertical forms. Precast piles are usually reinforced with steel to prevent breakage during their mobilization from the casting bed to the location of the foundation
  5. g a wave analysis to ensure the driving stresses do not damage the concrete piles. Concrete piles are not prone to decay like timber piles or corrosion like stee
  6. Precast Reinforced Concrete Piles A. M. Bouillon Civil Engineer THE the birth beginning impulse to the given concrete of this to reinforced century, pile. Premolded gave concrete practical rein- near the top 2 or 3 feet of the piles. Piles longer than 50 feet are usually double spiraled. The bottom points of parallel-sided piles may vary.

Cast-in-place concrete piles are shafts of concrete cast in thin shell pipes, top driven in the soil, and usually closed end. Such piles can provide up to a 200-kip capacity. The chief advantage over precast piles is the ease of changing lengths by cutting or splicing the shell. The material cost of cast-in-place piles is relatively low II. Precast concrete piles: These are cast at a yard close to the site or transported to site. They are usually square, octagonal or circular in shape 6. III. Cast-in-situ concrete piles: These are also called bored piles because they are constructed by boring a hole in the soil and casting concrete in-situ, usually with reinforcement. 7. v Stiff stratum of bedrock can mean different things to different people. If it is highly weathered, the precast piles may work just fine. I still think you need to get a piling contractor talking to the geotech before the decision is made. Where I am, precast piles are usually either square or octagonal Piles are generally used to spread the load of a building through soft and/or unstable ground, to firmer ground further down. Piles are usually made of concrete, either precast or poured in-situ on site. In domestic housing situations the concrete or steel piles are joined at the top with a reinforced concrete beam, commonly called a ring beam

What is a precast concrete pile - craftingwithconcrete

Each pile includes steel elements that are bonded into the bearing soil or rock - usually with cement grout. PRECAST CONCRETE PILES / FULL DISPLACEMENT PILES Precast Concrete Piles may be defined as a reinforced concrete pile which is moulded in circular, square, rectangular or octagonal form. The precast concrete piles are cast and cured in. Precast concrete piles are usually of constant cross section but can also include a tapered section near the pile toe. In FDOT projects, 30 piles may include an 18 void in the main portion of the pile to reduce pile weight. The voided piles have solid ends, 11 ft. long, for protection during driving. Since they have a big cross sectiona Pre-cast concrete piles are designed to withstand both service loads and driving stresses (Stresses due to hammering or driving force) These are designed to withstand heavy loads (typically up to 300 tons, or 2670kN) and are reinforced to resist bending and uplift. Precast concrete piles are used either as end-bearing piles or friction piles

Advantages and Disadvantages of Cast in Situ Concrete Piles

Precast piles. Typical shapes of precast prestressed concrete piling are square, hexagonal, octagonal and round - with a solid or hollow core. Piles are designed to resist compression, tension, bending and torsion forces during the manufacturing, transportation, handling and installation so the structural integrity and design purpose are achieved Construction piles are long columns made out of a strong material (usually wood, steel, or concrete) that are pushed deep into the ground to act as a foundational support. Compared to footings, piles can handle a much heavier load and thus are more commonly used with commercial structures like condos and multi-storey buildings Precast. Concrete PRESENTED BY, ARSHIYA SYED PRIYANKA BOBAL FARAH WAHAJ MADHU KUMAR SUMEDHA RASHI RITU MAYANK DHIRAJ RCC STRUCTURES. Reinforced concrete is concrete in which reinforcement bars (rebars) or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen the material that would otherwise be brittle Concrete Mix Tied Rebar History The use of reinforced concrete is a relatively recent invention. Precast concrete piles are made in a factory away from the construction site. And this finished precast concrete pile is driven to the ground at the site for buildings. Heavy pile driving the machinery is commonly used for this type of pile foundation. Precast concrete piles can be made in cross-section into square, octagonal or round shapes

Explained in Detail: Precast Concrete Pile

To facilitate the driving of the piles, they are usually beveled at the bottom. Another type of sheet pile based on material composition is the concrete sheet pile. It can be classified as pre-cast or pre-stressed. P recast concrete piles are made in square or rectangular cross-section and are driven similar to wooden piles to form a wall. Piles can be made from steel or timber although in most housing work piles are made from insitu or pre-cast reinforced concrete. They are used either to transmit loads from the building through soft or compressible ground to firmer strata below (end bearing pile), or to distribute loads into the subsoil along the length of the pile (friction pile) Concrete piles can be divided to precast and cast in place concrete piles: Precast concrete Piles or Prefabricated concrete piles it is formed and reinforced in a high-quality controlled concrete, Usually used of square (see fig 1-4 b), triangle, circle or octagonal section, they are produced in short length in one meter intervals between 3 and. Precast concrete is a type of concrete where concrete is cast in a form on a temporary frame and then transferred to a permanent location to be used. It is a type of concrete that is produced at a plant, then shipped to the construction site and assembled in place. Precast concrete is a building material made by casting concrete in a reusable.

They usually vary in size from 12 in. (305 mm) square piles used in building foundations to 66 in. (1680 Production of Structural Precast Concrete Products PCI MNL-120, PCI Design Handbook: Precast and Pre- concrete piles are almost identical to those for all precast, prestressed concrete structural members. Piles, however, ar In North America and Asia, hollow, circular, prestressed precast concrete piles up to 1600-mm diameter have been used. Small-size precast piles, in the lengths required for a jetty structure, can be cast in a simple yard adjacent to the construction site, and transport of the long lengths to the works is straightforward These are usually H-piles (rolled H-shape), pipe piles, or sheet piles (rolled sections of regular shapes). They may carry loads up to 1000 kN or more. Figure 2: Steel H-section piles. Concrete piles These may be 'precast' or 'cast-in-situ'. Precast piles are reinforced to withstand handling stresses. They require space for casting and. Precast concrete driven piles derive almost all their load capacity from friction, and must be designed to withstand the stresses induced during driving. They are usually used in soft clays or silts and granular deposits, and driven to a predetermined length. Bored piles usually derive their load-carrying capacity from shaft friction and end.

HOW TO CLASSIFY PILES BASED ON CONSTRUCTION METHOD

These piles are driven with the same rig that installs concrete pre-cast piles. However, thick wall pipe piles are particularly useful in filled gravels as they can penetrate obstructions which normally bring rotary equipment to a halt. They are often driven open ended and then grout filled Pile driving is often a cost-effective and time-efficient method of driving support posts (piles) into the earth. But because you're working with soil and other hidden features in the earth, there is an element of the unknown, and things don't always go as planned. Whether you are driving concrete, steel, or wood piles, any number of problems are common Prestressed Concrete Piles: Prestressed concrete piles have been used extensively in the construction of buildings and marine structures. These beams may be precast or cast-in-situ and are usually supported by neoprene or other types of bearings at either end. b

civil engineering basic concepts - building constructio

As the name suggests, pre-cast concrete is laid in an offsite facility before the concrete is actually needed for the project. Contractors lay the concrete in specialized, reusable molds designed for the project at hand. Generally, the concrete is laid and cured at a precast plant facility. Once the concrete cures, it's removed from the molds. Precast concrete piles are prepared in factory or casting yard and cast-in-situ are prepared by making a hole and filling it with concrete. Steel Piles Steel piles are made of steel pipes usually filled with concrete after being driven. Steel 'H' sections are widely used as steel piles, specially if conditions demand hard driving. Steel.

Concrete Piles: An Overview SkyCiv Cloud Structural

Concrete piles for waterfront structures are usually precast. The cross section of precast concrete piles is usually either square or octagonal (eight-sided). Square-section Figure 10-11.-Shell type cast-in-place concrete pile. Figure 10-12.-Procedure for cast-in-ground concrete piles. piles run from Top Driven Pre-Cast Concrete Piles Precast concrete piles are suitable for a wide range of ground conditions and are typically more economically advantageous than other piling systems as there is no spoil to dispose of and higher strength concrete allows for a smaller pile in comparison to an equivalent bored pile PreCast Concrete. PreCast Concrete is a construction product produced by casting concrete in a reusable mold or form which is then cured in a controlled environment, transported to the construction site and lifted into place (tilt up). In contrast, standard concrete is poured into site-specific forms and cured on site

Base Course - Concrete Stone Corp

Cement Concrete piles Cast-in-situ Concrete piles

Precast concrete piles have high resistance. Their main benefit is high vertical pile load. The allowable capacities for the concrete piles on design build basis is from 125 to over 750 kips per pile. Precast concrete piles are reinforced concrete piles which comes in different shapes. They could be circular, rectangular, square, or octagonal piles, pre-cast pilings, hydraulically driven concrete piling, pressed piles, pressed pilings, driven cylinders, and others. Most of the available segmented pile systems utilize cylindrical concrete segments, but rectangular and other shapes may be used. Piles consist of precast concrete segments, usually manufactured cylinders, which ar Disadvantages of Precast Concrete Piles. These piles are usually very heavy. So special equipments are required for handling and transportation. Sufficient care must be taken at the time of transportation, otherwise piles may break. For embedding these piles in field heavy pile driving equipment is required Precast concrete piles in ordinary reinforced concrete are usually square or hexagonal and of solid cross-section for units of short or moderate length, but for saving weight long piles are usually manufactured with a hollow interior in hexagonal, octagonal, or circular sections. The interiors of the piles can be filled with concrete after driving Prestressed precast piles are pretty much standarized. A local precaster should be able to give you details of pile crossections. Splices are avaiable, but are usually installed at the precaster so they match. They can get very expensive. There is a sweedish system that is very good. Check trucking lenths with the precaster

What Are the Advantages & Disadvantages of Precast

Pre cast concrete Piles or Pre fabricated concrete piles: Usually of square (see figure 1b), triangle, circle or octagonal section, they are produced in short length in one metre intervals between 3 and 13 meters. They are pre-caste so that they can be easily connected together in order to reach to the required length (figure 1a) Pre cast concrete Piles or Pre fabricated concrete piles : Usually of square (see fig 1-4 b), triangle, circle or octagonal section, they are produced in short length in one metre intervals between 3 and 13 meters. They are pre-caste so that they can be easily connected together in order to reach to the required length (fig 1-4 a)

Driven Precast Concrete Piling - Aarslef

  1. g tube is driven into the required depth which is a measure of the sub soil. To driven pile to the earth, it's number of hammer blows may obtained.(figure 1*
  2. Piles may be classified according to their composition as 1. Timber Piles, 2. Concrete Piles, 3. Steel Piles. Timber Piles: Timber piles are made of tree trunks with the branches trimmed off. Such piles shall be of sound quality and free of defects. The length of the pile may be 15 m or more. If greater lengths are required, they may be spliced
  3. Franki Pile . The Franki pile, known and used worldwide, was developed at the turn of the century by the Belgian engineer Frankignoul. It is a cast-in-situ concrete pile with an enlarged base and a cylindrical shaft which, due to its powerful driving method during installation, can penetrate stiff soils and reach large depths
  4. Pre-cast Concrete piles - used where soft soil deposits overlie firmer strata. These piles are usually driven using a drop or single action hammer. 25 25. What are the problems to the PQS regarding cost control with piling? Whose risk is the piling
  5. (b) Concrete piles: These piles may be further classified as precast piles and cast in situ piles. Precast piles are reinforced with steel and are manufactured in factories. The cross-section diameter/dimension varies from 200 mm to 500 mm. Square, circular and octagonal sections are commonly used. The length of piles may be up to 20 m
  6. Pre- cast concrete Piles are made and reinforced by high-quality controlled concrete. These piles are usually used for square, circular, triangular or octagonal section. Made in short length of about a meter and with intervals of three and thirteen meters, they can be easily connected together to reach the desired length
  7. Concrete piles using headed reinforcement. HRC Headed bars grouted into pre-cast pile. Simple installation resulting into superior anchorage. Prefabricated Reinforcement with headed bars. Usually used for large CIDH-piles (Cast in drilled hole). Advantages of T-Headed Bars. 90 degree hook

Different types of Footings in construction Where & When

  1. al tension and bending, accommodation of compression and tension, and with full moment-transfer joints
  2. Precast concrete - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Precast concrete is a form of concrete that is prepared, cast and cured off-site, usually in a controlled factory environment, using reusable moulds. Precast concrete elements can be joined to other elements to form a complete structure. It is typically used for structural components such as; wall panels.
  3. A precast pile is usually driven to a set and cannot always end up with the top of the pile at the exact level in the design. By the time you cut off part of the pile the integration with a pre-cast cap must be problematic because a joint has to be achieved at the underside of the pile cap
  4. The con of this pile is that it needs preservative treatment to stay secure and soil with stones or rock chips are not appropriate for this sheet pile type. Reinforced concrete sheet piles. The reinforced concrete sheet piles are constructed using precast concrete elements which are usually adjoined by groove joints and tongue
  5. uteThe installation process and methods of pile foundations are equally important factors as of the design process. Pile foundation installation methods are by pile hammer and boring by mechanical auger. To avoid damages to the piles, during design, installation Methods and installation equipment should be carefully selected. If installation is to [
  6. Precast concrete piles are prepared in factory or casting yard and cast-in-situ are prepared by making a hole and filling it with concrete. Concrete Piles, Concrete Piles work India, Concrete Piles service India. Steel Piles. Steel piles are made of steel pipes usually filled with concrete after being driven. Steel 'H' sections are widely.
  7. Epoxy grouts for Precast Concrete Buildings. Epoxy grouts are used when very high strength is desired to the concrete. Design, detailing, and proper material specification of field-cast grouts are critical for a number of reasons. They are mixtures of epoxy resins and filler material, mostly sand

Classification of Pile Foundations (9 Criterions) Soil

Disadvantages of pre-cast piles: — They are heavy and great difficult is experienced for their handing and transportation. — The exact length of a pile can rarely be pre-determined and as such it has to be lengthened sometimes, rendering the pile weak at the joint concrete. With respect to buried pre-cast concrete pipe, sulfate problems are inhibited by a lack of the proper mechanism to concentrate· sulfates in the concrete, and further inhibited by the high strength, low absorption properties of precast concrete. Table 2 lists the relative severity of various sulfate soil and water conditions

Video: Pile Foundations Types of Piles Cassions - Understand

Builder's Engineer: Precast Concrete Piles

Timber Piles. These types of piles are highly effective when employ in completely dry condition or submerge condition. Steel Piles. These types of piles come in the form of pipe piles, sheet piles, and H-piles. Concrete Piles. These types of piles come in the form of precast or cast-in-situ. It has been observe that precast piles are reinforce. 3.3 Concrete Piles Concrete piles in New York are precast and prestressed. The piles are cast in a pre-casting plant and then transported to the site. This creates a pile made of high quality concrete under controlled casting and curing conditions. The process is overseen by an inspector assigned to that plant A Guide on Precast Concrete Pile. by Daniel Dron April 13, 2020 0 552. Share 0. With the sheer increasing population and to provide shelter over their head. Land with poor geotechnical characters is used for various uses when it comes to the construction business. The soil which you would find near the sea, river, has poor strength and are not. A continuously reinforced segmental precast concrete underpinning pile using a method of installation where a high strength strand aligns the precast segments during installation, provides a means for measurement of pile penetration depth, and continuously reinforces the pile when bonded or anchored upon completion Precast columns are usually two stories high. All precast structural elements are assembled by means of special joints. Reinforced concrete slabs are poured on the ground in forms, one on top of the other. Precast concrete floor slabs are lifted from the ground up to the final height by lifting cranes. The slab panels are lifted to the top of.

Piles of timber, prestressed concrete . Due to their versatility and suitability for most ground conditions driven piles are. The precast concrete pile is a prefabricate high-strength prestressed concrete column, impact driven into the soil by means of an adjustable hydraulic or diesel A hydraulic concrete pile cutter includes a blade and a method of cutting reinforced precast concrete piles at grade level. A single blade of suitable hardness limits up to about Rockwell C 56, has a beveled cutting edge extending across most of one edge, bordered by unbeveled side portions, adapted to slide in channels. The single blade is used to shear reinforced precast concrete piles Foundation using precast concrete pile Precast concrete pile - Precast pile can be of square or circular in section, usually in modulated manner. The Daido Pile is a typical example being used in Hong Kong. It is a pre-stressed hollow-section circular piles, 12m in length and in size between 400mm to 600mm. Pile sections are usually welded. The parameters of the test piles are based on the actual design of different test sites. The concrete-cored DCM piles and DCM columns of the three sites were installed in a triangular pattern, and the diameter of the influenced zone for a single pile (d e) can be calculated as d e = 1.05d (where d is pile spacing).The area of the load plate in the PLT for single pile composite foundation. Question: (1) A Driven Square Pre-cast Concrete Pile In Sand Is Most Likely A A. Non-displacement Pile B. High-displacement Pile C. Low-displacement Pile D. None Of The Above (2) A Pile With The Pile Tip Seating On The Surface Of Bedrock Is A A. Socket Pile B. Friction Pile C. End-bearing Pile D. Compaction Pile (3) An Advantage Of Drilled Shaft Is A

civil engineers today: Classification of piles

Concrete Pile - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

  1. Kingpost retaining walls are most usually designed and installed by specialist piling contractors who source the precast concrete panels from specialist concrete manufacturers such as ACP (Concrete) Ltd. Design considerations include the height/depth of the retaining wall, the spans between the piles and the anticipated surcharge loads
  2. Drill-filling piles are made of concrete or reinforced concrete and are cast in place. Driven piles of reinforced concrete are most common in the USSR, accounting for more than 90 percent of the piles in use in 1973. Reinforced-concrete driven piles usually have a square cross section
  3. Although it is usually the last option for concrete retaining walls, sheet pile walls are the most effective for soft soils and extremely narrow areas. Manufactured from steel, vinyl, fiberglass, plastic or wood panels, sheet pile walls must have at least two-thirds of the height of the walls pressed into the ground
  4. Although vibro cast-in-place concrete columns replaced more than half the precast concrete piles originally called for on the NJDOT's Route 52 Causeway Bridge Replacement Project, a large number of piles still are required. The GPS system is being used to direct the crane operator to the precise location for placing the piles
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